On October 11, 1930, the Houston Defender was established by Clifton Frederick Richardson, Sr. After his death in 1939, his son Clifton F. Richardson, Jr., continued as the owner, editor, and publisher until 1981 when Sonceria Messiah-Jiles purchased the Houston Defender and became its publisher. In 2008 the Defender had a readership of 60,000 with Messiah-Jiles as the owner publisher and Von Jiles as the editor.
|Lewis W. Hine - Vera Hill, 5 years old picks 25 pounds of cotton a day,|
Comanche County, Oklahoma, October 11, 1916
|10 Month Old Yolanda King is Now Walking - Jet Magazine, October 11, 1956|
|The Black Panther (October 11, 1969)|
|October 11,1973 Jet Magazine|