October 9

Eugene Jacques Bullard (October 9, 1895 - October 12, 1961) enlisted in the French Foreign Legion at the start of World War I and after being seriously injured at Verdun trained as a pilot, becoming the first African American fighter pilot, flying for France's Lafayette Flying Corps and earning the Croix de Guerre and other decorations in World War I. He remained in France after the war, operating a nightclub "Le Grand Duc". During World War II he was part of the French Resistance. After the German invasion he escaped to America where he lived in obscurity, operating a elevator at Rockefeller Center. In 1994 he was  posthumously commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the United States Air Force.


Mary Ann Shadd Cary (October 9, 1823 - June 5, 1893) was the granddaughter of a Hessian soldier. Her parents operated a stop on the Underground Railroad in Delaware. To avoid the Fugitive Slave Act, she and her brother Isaac moved to Canada where they started an abolitionist newspaper, making her the first African American female newspaper editor. After her return to the U.S. she taught in Washington DC public schools and was the first woman admitted to Howard Law School.

Herman Canady (October 9, 1901-1970)  researched the role of the race of the examiner as a bias factor in IQ testing, finding that subjects scored on the average six points higher when tested by a person of the same race. He chaired the psychology department at West Virginia State College for 40 years, and collected data from 50 other HBCUs to evaluate the quality of education in psychology for African Americans. He then worked with the American Teachers Association (formerly the National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools, founded in 1904) to create a psychology section “to advance, promote, and encourage the teaching and application of the science of psychology and related fields, particularly in Negro institutions.”

Yusef Abdul Lateef (born William Emanuel Huddleston; October 9, 1920 – December 23, 2013) was an American jazz multi-instrumentalist, composer and prominent figure among the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in America, following his conversion to Islam in 1950. Although Lateef's main instruments were the tenor saxophone and flute, he also played oboe and bassoon, both rare in jazz, and also used a number of non-western instruments such as the bamboo flute, shanai, shofar, xun, arghul and koto. He is known for having been an innovator in the blending of jazz with "Eastern" music.

Ernest Nathan "Dutch" Morial (October 9, 1929–December 24, 1989) was the first African American to receive a law degree from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge (1954), to serve as a Juvenile Court judge in Louisiana (1970) to be elected to the Louisiana Fourth Circuit Court of Appeal (1974), and to be elected mayor of New Orleans (1978). He is the father of former New Orleans mayor, Marc Morial.

William Eugene McAnulty, Jr, (October 9, 1947 - August 23, 2007) was an American attorney and judge in Louisville, Kentucky who became the first African American justice on the Kentucky Supreme Court (2006) after having served at virtually every level of the state judiciary. He is a graduate of Indiana University and received a JD from the University of Louisville School of Law.

Steven Rodney (Steve) McQueen CBE (born October 9, 1969) is a British film director, screenwriter, and video artist. He is a winner of the Caméra d'Or and a BAFTA. His 2013 film, 12 Years a Slave, won him the award for best director from the New York Film Critics Circle, as well as winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture at the 71st Golden Globe Awards.


On October 9,1974, Frank Robinson became first African American baseball manager when the Cleveland Indians named him player/manager for the upcoming season. Over the next two years he compiled a 186–189 record before going on to manage the San Francisco Giants, the Baltimore Orioles, and the Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals.

On October 9, 1989, Art Shell became the first African American head coach in the modern era of the NFL, winning his debut as the Los Angeles Raiders defeated the New York Jets 14-7 on Monday Night Football. He coached the Raiders through 1994 with 54 wins, 38 losses, and was named AFC Coach of the Year in 1990, when the Raiders won the AFC West division with a 12-4 record.

Photo Gallery

Whitney Houston arriving with father John Houston at Los Angeles International Airport October 9, 1991.

Obama Street Art Surfaces In NYC Ahead Of The Election In This Photo: Barack Obama A painting of Barack Obama by artist David Choe hangs on a wall October 9, 2008 as part of " Outsiders" an art exhibition brought to New York by Lazarides Gallery of London

/October 9, 2012 - This photo released by Obama for America shows Obama teaching at the
University of Chicago Law School. After Harvard Law School, Obama returned to Chicago,
and lectured on constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School


"Group of African Negroes on Board The Niagara.—From a sketch by our own correspondent," Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, October 9, 1858, Charleston Museum Illustrated Newspapers Collection, courtesy of the Charleston Museum. 

Jet Magazine, October 9, 1952

Wife of Adam Clayton Powell, Hazel Scott, Models for Son Skipper
Jet Magazine, October 9, 1952

Stan Kenton's Newest Discovery, Georgia Carr
Jet Magazine, October 9, 1952

Million Dollar Milton McKee Estate To Provide Scholarships
Jet Magazine, October 9, 1952

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