Along with his brother Charles he founded the Ohio Anti-Slavery Society in 1858 and served as its first president, as well as assisting with the Underground Railroad. During the Civil War he recruited troops for the Union Army, both for the Massachusetts 54th Regiment and for an Ohio regiment. He was founding president of the National Equal Rights League and an inspector general for the Freedmen's Bureau.
After the war he was founding dean of Howard Law School, later serving as vice-president and acting president. While in Washington D.C. he worked with legislators in support of reconstruction, helping Sen. Charles Sumner to draft what would become the Civil Rights Act of 1875. He was appointed Minister to Haiti in 1877, returning to the U.S. five years later to serve as president of the newly-formed Virginia Normal and Collegiate Institute (now Virginia State University).
In 1888 Langston ran for the U.S, House of Representatives and was seated 18 months after a bitterly contested election. He was defeated in his 1990 bid for re-election, and no other African Americans served in Congress from the south until 1972. He was the great-uncle of poet Langston Hughes, who was the grandson of his brother Charles..
|Sammy Davis Jr. was awarded the Spingarn Medal for his "superb and many-faceted talent," along with his contributions to the civil rights movement (December 14, 1968).|
|The Jackson 5 performed for the first time on The Ed Sullivan Show on December 14, 1969 (CBS)|
|Johnny Rodgers December 14, 1972 Johnny Rodgers, a running back with the University of Nebraska, is awarded the Heisman Trophy. Rodgers gained a total of 5,586 yards for the Cornhuskers in three years.|
|December 14, 1991 Desmond Howard, of the University of Michigan wins the Heisman trophy|
|December 14, 2013: As family members watch, Nelson Mandela's flag-draped coffin arrives at the Mthatha airport for the December 15th funeral and burial in his childhood village Qunu in South Africa.|
|TV Guide: December 14, 1968 - Diahann Carroll of "Julia"|