January 9

On January 9, 1866, Fisk University held its first classes in the Army hospital barracks shown here, located on 12th Street in Nashville. Students ranged in age from seven to seventy, and it was first known as the Fisk Free Colored School.The school was founded by the American Missionary Society and was named in honor of General Clinton B. Fisk of the Tennessee Freedmen's Bureau, who arranged for the unused barracks to be used and endowed the school with $30,000. The next year it began offering training for teachers, becoming Fistk Normal School, and in 1930 was the first African-American institution to gain accreditation by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.


Julien Hudson (January 9, 1811–1844), was the first professional African American portrait painter in the South and the second in the United States, following the more famous Joshua Johnson of Baltimore. Only five portraits by Hudson are known to exist, but his training in European high-style portraiture and his importance as a Louisiana artist are well documented by art critics. He was the son of Desirée Marcos, a property-owning free woman of color, and John Thomas Hudson, an English merchant, ironmonger, and ship chandler.

Ahmed Sekou Touré (January 9, 1922 - March 26, 1984) was a Guinean political leader and President of Guinea from 1958 to his death in l984. Toure was one of the primary Guinean nationalists involved in the independence of the country from France. He was an aristocratic member of the Mandinka ethnic group and was the great-grandson of Samory Toure, who had resisted French rule until his capture.

Earl Gilbert Graves, Sr. (born January 9, 1935) is an American entrepreneur, publisher, businessman, philanthropist, and advocate of African American businesses. A graduate of Morgan State University, he is the founder of Black Enterprise magazine and chairman of the media company Earl G. Graves, Ltd. He is the current director for Aetna and Executive Board member of the Boy Scouts of America. He is the father of Earl G. Graves, Jr.

Robert Fulton Newhouse (January 9, 1950 – July 22, 2014) was a running back for 12 years with the Dallas Cowboys, with career totals of 4,784 rushing yards, 956 receiving yards and 31 touchdowns. He played in three Super Bowls, including a win against the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl XII during which he threw a 29-yard touchdown pass to Golden Richards. Newhouse was also a standout at the University of Houston, where his His 1,757 rushing yards during 1977 were the second most yards in a season in NCAA history.

Tyrone “Muggsy” Bogues (born January 9, 1965) is the shortest player in the history of the NBA at 5'3". He was a high school teammate of Reggie Lewis, Reggie Williams, and David Wingate at Dunbar High School in Baltimore, and attended Wake Forest University where he was the ACC career leader in steals and assists. He began his NBA career with the Washington Bullets where his teammate was 7'1" center Manute Bol. He later played ten years with the Charlotte Hornets before being traded to the Golden State Warriors, and ended his 14-year career with the Toronto Raptors..


Phi Beta Sigma (ΦΒΣ) is a predominantly Black fraternity which was founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C. on January 9, 1914. The founders A. Langston Taylor, Leonard F. Morse, and Charles I. Brown, wanted to organize a Greek letter fraternity that would exemplify the ideals of brotherhood, scholarship, and service. The fraternity is the only one of its kind to aid in the creation and hold a constitutional bond with a predominantly African-American sorority, Zeta Phi Beta (ΖΦΒ)

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"STM2/c James Lee Frazer always finds time to read a few chapters from his Bible each day. In this study he is especially intense about his devotional routine...it was the night before the opening strike of a raid on Manila Bay." January 9, 1945.


Opera Star Mattiwilda Dobbs Marries Swedish Journalist - Jet Magazine, January 9, 1958.

Ruth Carol Taylor is First Black US Hired Airline Hostess - Jet Magazine, January 9, 1958

Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance by Barack Obama. $7.52. 466 pages. Author: Barack Obama. Publisher: Crown; Reprint edition (January 9, 2007)


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